How to start a fire

How to start a fire

Fire Fire Making Fire Starter NeanderthalsYour ability to start a fire without a match has a high price. As an example, think about this. Envision your bug out bag and fire starting materials out of your reach. They are miles away. To make things even more stressful, you can not get to them at the moment you need them most.
This would be the moment when your understanding and abilities take on life saving value. If by some chance, you have the ability to start a fire with no equipment, then guess what? The knowledge in your mind has just become more valuable than your gear.
So would not it make sense to know as many fire making choices as possible? What I have done in this guide is list fourteen ways to start a survival fire with no matches. I’m not saying you must pull off these at precisely the same time. But, it is possible that just one of these methods might be perfect for your emergency situation.
To assist you make better sense of them, there are 5 groups or basic practices. So let’s jump in.
Fire Craft Type 1: Friction Based
Friction based fire making is the earliest of all the techniques. Problem is that it’s also the hardest to master. You’ve got to have the ideal technique and the right wood.
So here’s how it works. There’s a spindle which sits on a flame board. The spinning of the spindle creates particles that generate heat. Once they reached 800 levels, a coal begins to shine and form. OK, that’s it. And here are the three methods of friction based fire making.
Hand Drill
The hand drill method is the same as the Bow & Drill except there is no bow. Just your hands. This technique takes sheer determination. With this and the Fire Plough, when smoke appears, start searching for the glowing ember.
This consists of 2 parts. The base and the stick. The base has a channel in it that the stick goes back and forth in. You simply push hard and keep pushing back and forth until you see smoke.
Bow & Drill
The most famous of the “friction” methods. This is the one we think about the most. Here is how it works.
1. Build the bow with wood that is about the size of your thumb. It’s got to have some curve and play in it.
2. Tie to each end of the bow.
3. Get a thicker piece of wood for the”spindle”. Put a rounded tip on one end and a point on the other end. Make a”spindle block”. Carve an indentation on one side to hold the spindle.
5. Create an ember block. Cut notches in it to let embers fall through.
6. Make a”tinder bundle”.
Fire Craft Type 2: Attack Technique
The”strike” method is much older than the friction method. Even cavemen had pieces of flint laying around.
This is older than the friction method. Neanderthal caves have been found with flints laying near fire pits. The fantastic part of this, is that it doesn’t matter if your ignition creating tools get wet. The downside? It takes a while. But, if you have some char fabric on your kit, it might go faster than you would expect. Although the process is simple, there are a couple of twists to the theme.
Here’s how it works. Place your tinder facing you. Start striking the steel against the flint towards the tinder. Keep striking until your tinder catches a spark.
Rock and Screwdriver
Same theme, different players. In cases like this, you want to get quartz as your rock. The steel becomes replaced with a flathead screwdriver. And again, if you have some char fabric in your kit to capture the sparks, you’ll be golden.
Fire Craft Type 3: Stress Based
Of all of the methods which exist, this is the strangest. Well, maybe not the strangest, but certainly interesting. I am not sure I’d like to lug around a stone and screwdriver around in my bug out bag, but a fire piston? Yeah. This makes sense.
It’s important because the parts are foolproof. The operation is simple. All you need is the tube, the piston and some char fabric. Press the piston immediately into the tube, and then await the char cloth to demonstrate an ember.
Fire Craft Form 4: Lens Methods Remember taking a magnifying glass and lighting a leaf on fire in the sun? Same concept. The only distinction is the lens. In each of these 5 techniques, the lens is different.
Also, if you’re using paper as kindling, try to find paper that has dark colours or black printing on the paper. Black captures heat quicker. So this is only going to help your fire starting efforts, and make things move a little quicker.
Another suggestion for you. You will need the sun for them to work. No sun? No lens based fire beginning. Sorry.
Magnifying Glass
A 2″ magnifying glass reduces the sun’s rays to 1/32 of an inch circle. That’s a reduction of 60x.
Just aim the lens at the sun and observe the focal point behind the lens. Place your tinder at the focal point and watch for smoke.
This one is a take-off of the lens method. Balloons will need to be clear or white. Fill with water, and position as you would the magnifying glass. You’re seeking the suns focal point.
Ice Method
This is one you’d never imagine, but it works. The key here is to add a little something to the kindling to kick start it. Also, something like black powder, wet fire tinder or fatwood should do the trick on the kindling side of things.
Another twist on this is to form your own ice lens. Get a bowl, fill it with water, and freeze it. Once it’s frozen, you have got a lens shaped thing.
Coke Can Method
Here is one odd method if you ask me. The idea is to make the bottom of a coke can so shiny, that it will reflect the sun’s rays onto the tinder. The key is to shine up the coke can with chocolate.
A little disclaimer before moving ahead with this one. Do not eat the chocolate after burnishing the coke can metal. You might find a mouth full of metal.
Water Bottle Method
Another twist on the lens method. Here, the important thing is to fill up the jar with water that’s as clear as you can get it. The bottle should have a round edge near the top. This is where the lens effect will occur.
Fire Craft Type 5: Digital Type
Electrical fires are freaky. When you blend fires and power, someone’s going to get hurt. Please be careful with these methods. And don’t start plugging things into the outlets.
The idea here is about linking the terminals on the 9volt battery. If you do it with steel wool, the steel wool will catch fire. The key is to get kindling and tinder on hand ready to catch those initial sparks from the steel wool.
Just make certain you have a few batteries available, because once they’re out of power, you’ve got nothing left. Also, when you pack them together, ensure that the battery is wrapped or packaged. You do not want it to accidentally rub up against the steel wool and start a fire in your survival kit.
Potato Method
This is my favorite. You will want salt, toothpaste, toothpicks, some wire and a knife or spoon.
What’s happening here is this. The potato with a couple of ingredients will work as a battery. So here is how you create the”battery”. On one half, cut out an indentation about the thickness of a spoon. Put a mixture of salt and tooth paste in the indentation and blend it up.
Together with the toothpicks, punch holes at the other half of the potato and insert the wires through the holes. Put both the halves together and”fasten” with the tooth picks.
Put cotton or light tinder on one of the wires. At the end of 5 minutes, tough another wire to the first one… and watch out!
Pencil Fire Starter
Once I had been jump starting a car and suddenly the cables got sexy. That is because there was a short in the wires. This is a twist on that scenario. All you do is choose a pencil and connect it to both leads on a car battery. Watch out, because it is going to start flaming pretty quickly.
Be sure to have glasses on, and do not leave the pencil burning near the battery for extended. Get it out of there immediately, because you don’t want the battery catching fire.
Final Thoughts and the Next Step
Well, there we have it. All 14 methods for starting a fire without a match. Some are easier than others. Some need plenty of patience.
However, with all of these, there is a common thread. The kindling/tinder. In case you have char cloth or char rope available, your ability to capture the very little ember will be greatly increased.
Check it out and give these a try! And if you find out any other interesting ways to start a fire, let me know!


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